What $100 in today's money could have bought you in 1920
Inflation. It's one of those phenomena that, like taxes, we can always count on being there. It's good like that, and although it ebbs and flows, it never seems to stop.
I stumbled on this infographic from Chime, and it got me thinking about how much that $100 bill in my wallet was worth a hundred years ago.
But, who am I kidding...there's no $100 bill in my wallet. I no longer roll that way.
[Quick check] Okay, there's a $20 and a $10. That's it. Uh huh....
The question, though, still stands. How much is $100 in today's money worth going back into history?
$100 buying power over time
Notice the spike around 1940 (thanks Depression!), then the more normalized recovery of the dollar as we get closer to today.
So, let's see. In 1920, $1300 was quite the chunk of change. Think about the gallons of gas or cans of beer that could have been snagged with that kind of wealth. Heck, a dude's dress shirt was generally under .75 cents!
Or as Chime suggests, that money could have grabbed you more than a decade of Netflix (assuming no price increases, of course)!
How about all that avocado toast we could have had in the 40s? Driving to the grocery store would have been no big deal for your wallet as gas was around .11 cents a gallon at the time.
In the 1950s, the average home was valued at a little over $7300. Tuition at a lot of state universities was under $1,000.
Before I dropped out of graduate school, I wasted no less than $21,000 for three classes before I got so disillusioned with higher education. This comparison makes me want to cry.
Inflation eats away at our spending power. We all know that.
Is it possible to cheat inflation?
We can’t control inflation, but we can control where we spend and keep our money. Historically, the stock market produces capital gains in excess of inflation, though there have been periods when inflation out-paced the market. Over the long term, the market holds its own.
Believe it or not, not everything is affected by inflation in the same way.
Seriously, it’s true. That computer or mobile device you’re using to read this post costs pennies on the dollar compared to relative technology years ago. As technology advances, things actually get cheaper.
And, that’s not all.
According to U.S. News, for example, housing has matched inflation over the past 17 years, making your dollar today nearly equal to your dollar back in 2000 – when spent on housing. And, your dollar will go even further if you aren’t buying a ridiculously big house, too.
Furniture costs have fallen about 12% since the year 2000, while the cost of your TV is down more than 80%.
A few other items of note since the year 2000:
Large appliances have matched the rate of inflation, while small appliances like toasters and coffee makers have dropped nearly 30%. The cost of clothing has sunk around 8%, new cars around 3% and cameras about 64%.
Food is also cheaper than it’s ever been.
Of course, everything hasn’t fallen in price over the last couple decades. In fact, much of the stuff controlled by the market increases in price over time.
But, that doesn’t mean we can’t control the way we spend our money. Items that we can afford today may climb out of our budget in the future. And, that’s okay. Competition in our economy helps ensure that there are, more times than not, alternatives to the things we may have bought last year.
Inflation does exist, but it doesn’t affect everything equally. As an early retiree, we should pay close attention to how far our money goes and adjust our spending accordingly.
Inflation bites, but it doesn’t have to bite hard.
Smart early retirees don’t spend money on the same ol’ stuff because “that’s what we’ve always done”. Instead, we spend money on things that make the most sense NOW, based on a combination of price and value.
And, the fewer things that we buy in general, the less effect inflation will have on our lives.
Of course, things like homeownership help with inflation due to rising equity in our homes. Stashing our emergency funds in interest-bearing savings or money market accounts, rather than a checking account, can also help our money grow along with inflation.
This helps to prove the importance of investing in appreciating assets, not simply racking up debt because we earn huge amounts of money.